Spring 2006  Dr. Julianne Baird

Tuesday Evening 6:00 pm - 8:40 pm
Fine Arts Building Room 215

Email: jbaird@camden.rutgers.edu

Office hours: Tuesday 5:00 pm to 6:00 pm

TEXT and CDs:

OBJECTIVES: The primary goal of this course will be to give the student an understanding of the development of Western Music from the Middle Ages to the late twentieth century. Understanding the major trends in Western music as well as its function in society, and examination of the parallels with other fine arts is a further goal.

The focus of the course will be the study of musical literature. Major works from all instrumental and vocal genres will be studied from historical, theoretical, and social perspectives. The course will place a high degree of emphasis on listening, and there will be one comprehensive listening examination (100 points) as a part of the final exam






































1. Class Attendance

Regular class attendance is mandatory. Only ONE missed class is allowed. Further absences lower your letter grade by one increment, for example (B+ to B) for EACH missed class.

2. Visit to the Opera

MANDATORY ATTENDANCE at the October 21st Opera Company of Philadelphia at the ACADEMY OF MUSIC PREMIRE performance of Margaret Garner, Feb 10, 12, 15, 18, 24, 26) by Danel Pour. Presentation of ticket stub and a ONE PAGE description of the opera is required to get credit for attendance. This does not double as a Concert Report for extra credit.

Dr. Baird has 12 tkts for Weds.  Feb 15  @5.00 each.   Dr. Baird has 3 tickets at $5.00 each for Feb 18 (Sat) and 1 ticket  for Fri  Feb 24 at 5.00  THOSE NOT BUYING TKTS FROM DR. BAIRD MUST CALL 215-732-8400 and mention  “Rutgers Camden and Baird” to purchase other discount tickets for  performance(s). Advance purchase Price range directly from the Opera House is from $ 7.50-$ 27.00.

RUSH Tickets are also available on the DAY of the Show for $5.00 in the Amphitheater or Half price (the more expensive) seats.  Transportation is NOT provided from Rutgers although the High Speed Line teminates at the Opera House)

3. Exams

  • There will be two TAKE HOME tests –“Elements of Music” (100 points) an additional TAKE HOME TEST “Medieval and Renaissance” (100 points)
  • IN CLASS TEST on Baroque (100 points).
  • The final exam will consist of Classical and Romantic ERAS plus questions drawn from the rest of the semester’s work (elements of music, Med, Ren and Baroque.) (200 points) PLUS THE LISTENING EXAM (100 points)
  • At least one (possibly two)  in-class multiple-choice quizzes covering material presented in the films will be given. (20-40 points)

The listening test will be given as part of the Final: (100 points of the 300 total which comprise the final exam) The student must identify the Name of the Piece, the Name of the Composer and the Genre of the piece.  All pieces are from the CDs accompanying the text. Play these CDs on while you are studying and become as familiar with them as you can. (See Listening Exam Information)


Extra Credit Option

If the student desires to bring up his/her grade, ONE INCREMENT (eg. C+ to C)  s/he may do so by attending two classical music concerts * DOES NOT INCLUDE OPERA ATTENDANCE!!! and by submitting  WELL WRITTEN two-page "Musical Reviews" which reflects Cliff Leaman's rules and procedures in HOW TO WRITE A MUSICAL REVIEW. TWO accepted and well written Musical Reviews can result in a raise in the Final grade for the class.

You may choose any of the FREE Wednesday Concerts on the Camden Campus
Location: Mallery Room: Time 12 noon-1:00


Tuesday, January  17

Class Introductions: Syllabus
Read Pages 1-59
To print the Take Home tests, click the icon of your choice or

Films from "Exploring the World of Music" Rhythm/ Melody/ Harmony

January 24

Read pages 60-91, Middle Ages and Renaissance
Films: Medieval Instruments and Hildegard von Bingen: Ordo Virtutem
First Secular Music / Luther and the Reformation
Renaissance Dances / The Elizabethan Golden Age

January 31

Take Home Test DUE: " Elements of Music" 100 points

Transition to the Baroque
Read pages 92-149
Films: “Monteverdi in Mantua,” “Orfeo,” Poppea," and “Venice and the Gabrielis”

February 7

Purcell and Vivaldi
Films: Purcell Castrati/ Purcell; Dido and Aeneas Venice and Vivaldi”
Concerto Grosso Form/Ground Bass Forms/ Continuo/ History of Ospedale della Pieta


FREE Wednesday Concerts
You can review TWO for Extra Credit-Minimum 2 typed pages via Cliff Leaman’s Suggestions
Location: Rutgers-Camden - Fine Arts Building, Mallery Room
Time: 12 noon - 1:00pm

February 14

Take Home Test DUE: Medieval and Renaissance 100pts


World of Opera
Films: Monteverdi and Mantua/ DrottningholmTheater/ Handel and the Royal Academy of Music


FREE Wednesday Concerts
You can review TWO for Extra Credit
-Minimum 2 typed pages via Cliff Leaman’s Suggestions
Location: Rutgers-Camden - Fine Arts Building, Mallery Room
Time: 12 noon - 1:00pm

February 21

BACH FILMS Johann Sebastian Bach: A Documentary Biography – “Bach: Masterpieces to Order"



FREE Wednesday Concerts
You can review TWO for Extra Credit-Minimum 2 typed pages via Cliff Leaman’s Suggestions
Location: Rutgers-Camden - Fine Arts Building, Mallery Room
Time: 12 noon - 1:00pm

Tues February 28

Fugue/ Brandenburg/Orchestral Suites/ Cantata
In Class Quiz—20 points

In Class Exam:  Baroque—100 POINTS

Tues March 7

Classical Era

Films: Mozart -"Amadeus"
Read pages 156-207                                                      

   March 14

Spring Break

Tues., March 21

Beethoven and Mozart Celebrating Haydn/ Haydn and the Esterhazy’s/ sonata form/ variation form/Minuet and Trio, Rondo Symphony, Opera, and Concerto Forms.
Films: Mozart - “Dropping the Patron, ”
Beethoven - “Composer as Hero,” and “Beethoven and the Age of Revolution

Tues., March 28

Films: Schubert: The Young Romantic “ Peter Ustinov’s Mendelssohn” “Brahms”
Read pages 215-283

April 4

Tchaikovsky, Chopin, Dvorak, Symphonic Poem/ Exoticism/ Nationalism/ Verismo Program Music/ Berlioz

Wednesday, April 5

FREE Wednesday Concerts:
“Music in the Life of Benjamin Franklin”
You can review TWO for Extra Credit-Minimum 2 typed pages via Cliff Leaman’s Suggestions
Location: Rutgers-Camden - Fine Arts Building, Mallery Room
Time: 12 noon - 1:00pm

April 11

Smetana Verdi, Wagner Puccini,
Films: “Spring Symphony” Biography of Clara Schumann/ Puccini La Boheme.

April 12

FREE Wednesday Concerts:
Rutgers Camden Madrigals

-  Bach Cantata #4

You can review TWO for Extra Credit-Minimum 2 typed pages via Cliff Leaman’s Suggestions
Location: Rutgers-Camden - Fine Arts Building, Mallery Room
Time: 12 noon - 1:00pm

April 18

Read 291-318  Debussy, Stravinsky Aaron Copland, George Gershwin  Taafe Zwillich

April 25 (last class)

Read 365-380
Jazz –The American Musical 

Tuesday, May 9

6-9 p.m.

Final Examination
(300 points)

Classical Period through Romantic= 200 Points

Listening Exam 100 points

Classical “Study Test” or "

“Romantic Era"Study Test”  or


Listening Exam Information

Pieces to be Included on the Listening Final: Please List Genre or Form (sonata, oratorio, cantata symphony, etude etc) the name of piece and name of the composer for each example. Nota bene. They will be played in random order –not chronological and you will have to identify the piece within the first 2-3 minutes of the piece..

Hildegard von Bingen: O Successores

Guillaume de Machaut “Notre Dame Mass” (mass)

Josquin Desprez “Ave Maria” (motet)

Weelkes, As Vesta Was Descending (madrigal)

Henry Purcell, "When I am Laid in Earth" from Dido and Aeneas (opera aria over a gound bass)

Johann Sebastian Bach. Cantata #140 “Wachet Auf, Ruft uns die Stimme” 4th Movement (Cantata genre)

Johann Sebastian Bach. Brandenburg Concerto #5 in D major (Concerto Grosso)

George Frideric Handel “Messiah” --Hallelujah Chorus (Oratorio)

Antonio Vivaldi “Spring” from “Four Seasons” (Concerto)

Franz Joseph Haydn, “Symphony #94 in G major” (The Surprise Symphony) 2nd movements (variation form)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Don Giovanni (Selections from Act 1) (opera)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Symphony # 40 in G minor (symphony/sonata form)

Ludwig van Beethoven. “Symphony #5 in C minor”. Movement One (symphony/sonata form)

Ludwig van Beethoven. String Quartet in c minor. (Mvt 4) (rondo form)

Franz Schubert: “Der Erlkonig” (The Erlking) (lied)

Clara Schumann “Romance” in G minor (Romance for violin and piano)

Frederic Chopin “Revolutionary Etude in c minor” (Etude)

Hector Berlioz “Symphonie Fantastique” “March to the Scaffold (mvt 4) (programmatic symphony)

Bedrich Smetana. “The Moldau” (symphonic poem)

Giacomo Puccini “La Boheme” (selections from act 1) (Opera-verismo)

Extra Credit may be obtained by attendance at any of the FREE Wednesday concerts on Campus
Location: Mallery Room: Time 12 noon-1:00

Professor Cliff Leaman’s Guidelines for writing a review of a Musical Event

When writing a review of a musical event, always remember that this is a subjective, personal opinion which may be agreed with or not by the reader. Your opinion of what happened is the most important aspect of the review. As a part of the review, however, you need to keep in mind that your readers may not have been at the concert. Because of this you will need to mention certain basic information as a part of the review.

1. Who plays -- Mention the performers by name if there are less than 6-8, and mention the type of group which is playing. If they have some professional name (ie. The Greenville Symphony Orchestra, The Canadian Brass, etc.) be sure to include this name as well. Most reviews also include a mention of the date, time, and place of the performance. If there is a large group playing such as an orchestra, mention only those performers who have important solos within the pieces and the conductor.

Always comment on the overall quality of the performance including specific examples of what you heard.

2. What was performed -- List each piece performed and discuss it from the standpoint of both the quality of the piece itself and the quality of the performance. Include all of the vital information needed to identify exactly what piece was performed.

Usually the manner in which it is listed in the program will suffice. DO NOT, however, list the entire program as the opening of your review. List each work and discuss it immediately. Be sure to list any changes to the program or encores played.

3. Include background information -- Some background information can help the reader to understand the program better, but do not go overboard on this aspect. Any background information should be brief and should not take up more than 10 percent of the total paper.

4. Tell the reader whether or not you liked the concert. This is the single most important aspect of a review. Was the program worth hearing? Did you like the pieces chosen, the performance, both, or neither? Please explain as specifically as possible what you did or did not like about the performance. This is the most subjective area of the review and should be the bulk of what you say. You may be critical, but try not to get personal. DO NOT use the word "boring."

5. Refer to performers by full name the first time, and thereafter by last name only. Do not personalize your relationship by referring to Dr. Billy Taylor as "Billy," even if you know him quite well. It should be Dr. Billy Taylor the first time, and "Dr. Taylor" or "Taylor" from that point on.

You may keep notes during the performance, but take in only a small note pad, or write your impressions on the program. It is not appropriate to discuss what you are hearing with anyone during the concert. You may discuss your impressions with your friends afterward, but write your own review. Also, do not enter or leave the auditorium at any time during a performance except in cases of emergency. In all cases you should try to enter or leave during a silence between movements or at the end of a piece. Most of all, have fun and enjoy the concert.

Last updated March 24, 2006